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Disqualifications and Traffic Offenses Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is a disqualification?
A disqualification is the temporary or permanent withdrawal of a person’s privilege to operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV).

2. How long can a disqualification last?
The length of a disqualification depends on the violation as well as the driver’s record. It can be for a minimum of 60 days or as long as a lifetime.

3. How does a Commercial Driver become disqualified?
A disqualification can result from a single conviction for a MAJOR OFFENSE, an accumulation of SERIOUS TRAFFIC OFFENSES or for other specific violations, i.e. violations of railroad-highway grade crossings.

4. What is a major offense?
The following chart lists the violations that are defined as major offenses for CDL holders. Most of these violations will result in the disqualification of your commercial driving privilege regardless of the type of vehicle you are driving (CMV and non-CMV). The disqualification period that a major offense carries depends on the offense and the type of vehicle you are driving. Two major offenses result in a lifetime disqualification.

 Major Offenses

​Federal Description PA Code Section​ Vehicle Type​ ​Length of Disqualification for First Offense
​Driving under the influence of alcohol or controlled substance. ​3731(i)
​CMV or Personal Vehicle ​1 Year
3 Years with Hazmat
Refusing to submit to chemical testing.​ ​1613
CMV or Personal Vehicle ​1 Year
3 Years with Hazmat
Leaving the scene of an accident.​ ​3743
CMV or Personal Vehicle ​1 Year
3 Years with Hazmat
Using a vehicle to commit felony.​ ​Various Crimes
Code Offenses
CMV or Personal Vehicle ​1 Year
3 Years with Hazmat
Using a vehicle in the commission of a felony involving manufacturing, distributing or dispensing a controlled substance.​
​13a10     13a14 13a19
13a30      13a36
CMV or Personal Vehicle ​Lifetime
Driving a CMV while the driver’s CDL is revoked, suspended, cancelled or disqualified.​ ​1606(c)(1)
​CMV Only ​1 Year
3 Years with Hazmat
​Causing a fatality through the negligent operation of a CMV. ​3742        3735
2503        2504
​CMV Only ​1 Year
3 Years with Hazmat

5. What is a serious traffic offense (STO)?
The following chart lists the violations that are defined as serious traffic offenses. If you are convicted of any 2 of these serious traffic offenses within a 3 year period, you will be disqualified from driving a CMV for 60 days. If you are convicted of 3 or more serious traffic offenses within a 3 year period, you will be disqualified from driving a CMV for 120 days. Most of these violations must occur in a CMV to count as a STO. However, there are some exceptions as noted below.



​Federal Description

​PA Code Section Vehicle Type​
​Exceeding maximum speed limit 15 mph or more.



Personal vehicle (only if the violation
occurred in a work zone or school)
Hazardous Grades​

​3365(c) ​CMV
​Driving recklessly, as defined by state or local law.

​3736 CMV or Personal Vehicle​
Making improper or erratic traffic lane changes.​

Following the vehicle ahead too closely.​

3310​ ​CMV
Duty of driver in construction and maintenance areas or on highway safety corridors. (This violation is an STO under PA law)​

​3326 ​CMV
Violating state or local law relating to motor vehicle traffic control arising in connection with a fatal accident.​


All other moving violations​
​CMV or Personal Vehicle

CMV only
​Driving a CMV without obtaining a CDL, driving a CMV without a valid CDL in the driver’s possession, driving a CMV without the proper class and/or endorsements.

Texting while driving a CMV.​

​1621 ​CMV
Use of a hand-held mobile telephone while driving a CMV.​

​1622 ​CMV
6. Are there other violations that will result in a disqualification?
Yes. Railroad-highway grade crossing violations, out-of-service order violations and being determined to constitute an imminent hazard.

7. What is the disqualification period for a railroad-highway grade crossing offense?
A conviction of a railroad-highway grade offense will result in the automatic disqualification of your privilege to operate a CMV if the offense occured while operating a commercial vehicle. The length of the disqualification is 60 days for the 1st offense, 120 days for the 2nd offense withing a 3 year period and 1 year for a 3rd or subsequent offense. The following chart lists the various railroad-highway grade crossing offenses.

Railroad-Highway Grade Crossing Offenses

Federal Description​ ​ PA Code Section Vehicle Type​
The driver is not required to always stop, but fails to slow down and check that tracks are clear of an approaching train.​ ​3342(g) ​CMV
The driver is not required to stop, but fails to stop before reaching the crossing, if the tracks are not clear.​ ​3342(g) ​CMV
The driver is always required to stop, but fails to stop before driving onto the crossing.​ ​3342(a)     3342(e) ​CMV
​The driver fails to have sufficient space to drive completely through the crossing without stopping. ​3341(b)(2)     3342(b) ​CMV
The driver fails to obey a traffic control device or the direction of an enforcement official at the crossing.​ ​3341(a)
The driver fails to negotiate a crossing because of insufficient undercarriage clearance.​ ​3343(a)
8. What is the disqualification period for violating an out-of-service order?
This is a tiered disqualification period. If a driver is convicted of violating an out-of-service order while transporting non-hazardous materials, 1st offense - 1 year, 2nd or subsequent offense in a ten year period - 3 years. If a driver is transporting hazardous materials or operating a vehicle designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver, 1st offense - 2 years, 2nd or subsequent offense in a ten year period - 5 years.

9. What is an imminent hazard?
The Federal definition of an imminent hazard is the existence of a condition that presents a substantial likelihood that death, serious illness, severe personal injury, or a substantial endangerment to health, property, or the environment may occur before the reasonably foreseeable completion date of a formal proceeding begun to lessen the risk of that death, illness, injury or endangerment.

10. Who determines an imminent hazard?
The Assistant Administrator or his/her designee from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA).

11. What is the length of disqualification imposed if a CDL holder is determined to be an imminent hazard?
The period of disqualification should not exceed 30 days. However, the disqualification remains in effect until PennDOT is notified by the FMCSA Assistant Administrator of his/her designee.

12. Can an imminent hazard disqualification be appealed?
Yes. The appeal can be filed with the Assistant Administrator, Adjudications Counsel, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (Room 8217), 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590.

13. Do violations that occur out of state impact my Pennsylvania driving privilege?
Yes. Out-of-state violations are treated as if they occured in Pennsylvania.

14. Does the acceptance of Accelerated Rehabilitive Disposition (ARD) count towards disqualification?
Yes. ARD participation is considered a conviction for sanctioning of CDL holders.

15. Will an administrative per se suspension for a DUI arrest in another state affect my PA driving privilege?
Yes. CDL holders that receive an administrative per se suspension will have their commercial driving privilege disqualified.

16. Can a disqualified CDL driver operate a non-commercial vehicle?
Yes. If a driver holds a CDL license or permit and is only disqualified from operating a CMV, the person is eligible to apply for a noncommercial driver’s license to drive a non-commercial motor vehicle during the disqualification. An application to apply for a noncommercial license will be enclosed with the disqualification notice.

17. How do I get my CDL privilege restored?
In addition to serving the time required to the disqualification, you will have to pay a restoration fee to PennDOT before your CDL will be returned.

For more information, please feel free to visit the Driver Services section of our website.
P.O. Box 68618
Harrisburg, PA 17106-8618
Call PennDOT’s Customer Call Center at 1-800-932-4600. TTY callers — please dial 711 to reach us.
The Call Center hours of operation are Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.